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The Difference Between TBI & ABI

May 16, 2016  |  By:  Bill Kirwin

When dealing with injured clients and medical professionals, we often hear of the terms ‘TBI’ and ‘ABI’. What do they mean? What is the difference?

TBI is short-form for a Traumatic Brain Injury and ABI is an acronym for an Acquired Brain Injury. A person who sustains a traumatic brain injury is the result of an injury to the brain caused by an external force. This can be suffered as a result of a motor vehicle accident, slip and fall, as well as injuries suffered from sport and recreational or other activities.

An acquired brain injury is a brain injury after birth that is not caused by a congenital defect, degenerative disease nor is hereditary in nature. It can be a traumatic brain injury, however, also includes injuries not caused by an external force. Injuries such as tumors, stroke or loss of oxygen to the brain and infections of the brain are examples of an acquired brain injury. Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases are not defined as acquired brain injuries or traumatic brain injuries.

Many individuals who suffer acquired brain injuries will often have to make major adjustments in their lives. The outcome of a brain injury will vary and will often depend on the type, severity of the brain injury and the level of treatment. For individuals that require life-long treatment and supports, the financial cost can be substantial. Accessing the right treatment is very important in determining the amount of recovery for an individual who suffers a traumatic brain injury or acquired brain injury.

If you, a friend, or loved one has suffered a serious injury, including a traumatic brain injury from a motor vehicle accident or slip and fall you should seek the advice from an experienced personal injury lawyer. An experienced personal injury lawyer will be able to explain your rights and any insurance benefits you may be entitled to access as a result of the accident.


About the Author

Bill Kirwin

Bill joined Oatley Vigmond in 2008, bringing with him extensive and varied experience working in the fields of rehabilitation and insurance. After obtaining a Bachelor of Physical Education from...

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